Molecular cloning, sequencing, and expression of mouse ferrochelatase
Journal of Biological Chemistry
The cDNA encoding mouse ferrochelatase (protoheme ferrolyase, EC 18.104.22.168) was isolated from a mouse erythroleukemia (MEL) cell cDNA library in lambda gt11 expression vector, by immunoscreening with a polyclonal antibody. Two full-length clones containing cDNA inserts of 2.2 and 2.90 kilobases were obtained. These clones have the same entire enzyme coding region, but alternative putative polyadenylation sites in the 3'-noncoding regions. From the deduced primary structure, a putative leader
... putative leader sequence of 53 amino acid residues resulted in a precursor protein of 420 amino acid residues (Mr 47,130) and a mature protein of 367 residues (Mr 41,692). The cDNA allows for the expression of active ferrochelatase by transfected culture cells. RNA blot analysis showed two species of ferrochelatase mRNA consistent with findings of two polyadenylation sites. Both the mRNAs increased by treatment of the MEL cells with dimethyl sulfoxide. The band pattern of the RNA of the mouse liver was the same as that of the MEL cells. Based on these results, we deduce that ferrochelatase in erythroid and hepatic cells can be only of one type.