The generation of monoclonal antibodies to investigate perlecan turnover in cells and tissues [thesis]

Jin Ma
Perlecan is an important basement membrane heparan sulfate (HS) proteoglycan that is essential for various cell signaling events involved in tissue development. Heparanase is a lysosomal enzyme involved in the turnover of HS. This project aimed to assist in researching the structure of HS on perlecan and how this structure changes with tissue development. This will be achieved by generating monoclonal antibodies that have an altered affinity for perlecan after heparanase treatment. Recombinant
more » ... erlecan domain I was characterized by ELISA and western blotting and used as the antigen for two fusions. The first fusion was focused on the production of IgM the common subtype of anti-glycosaminoglycans antibodies. However, no clones were produced, which may have been due to the lack of feeder layers. In order to address this problem, the fibroblast cell line MRC-5 was used as a feeder layer in the second fusion. From this fusion, we obtained 216 positive cultures, which were screened against full length perlecan from endothelial cells. Of these, 26 cultures were tested against heparanase treated perlecan, and then 2 cultures were chosen for subcloning based on the different immunoreactivity between enzyme treated and nontreated perlecan. From the 2 chosen cultures, 13 sub clones were derived and 10 of them were adapted into a serum free culture environment. The 10 monoclonal antibodies displayed strong immunoreactivity with full length perlecan in ELISA and Western Blotting. When they were used as primary antibodies in Immunocytochemistry, they were able to recognize the native perlecan deposited by human chondrocytes. When the cells were incubated with heparanase, antibody 5D7-2E4 and 13E9-3G5 showed an increase in immunoreactivity while antibody 13E9-3B3 gave a decrease. These three antibodies will be the potential tools used in the future to study perlecan turnover in different cells and tissue. The remaining seven antibodies will also be very useful in the research of perlecan as they have been shown to bind to the [...]
doi:10.26190/unsworks/17930 fatcat:beqbqhz2tba3zjpxd3pkaipynu