DATES IN THE ELEPHANTINE PAPYRI
Journal of Theological Studies
He probably wrote in the first half of the eighth century-hardly before that, and surely not much later. The use of the abbreviation QNM = quoniam, the omission of N in the middle of a word in the middle of the line (RESPODIT, fol. 273 V ), the occasional use of i-longa initially (IUSTI, IUDAEI, IN, &C), the fairly frequent separation of words, and the whole character of the script make a date anterior to the year 700 quite unlikely. On the other hand, the original scribe must antedate the year
... t antedate the year 800 since the uncial additions on fol. 273 V and the cursive insertion on fol. 92^ are still of the eighth century. The cursive script on the page containing the Capitulare Evangelii (Morin in Rev. Btne'd. xix 1 sqq.) possesses unmistakeable earmarks of North Italian notarial products. It is interesting to note that ci occurs often for assibilated ti (abuminart'onem, desolaabnis), a spelling which at that time must have been common in Aquileia, Ravenna, and neighbouring towns. The corrector who made the extensive addition in uncials on fol. 273" and added passim the then modern punctuation, may reasonably be assigned to the latter part of the eighth century. Of palaeographical interest is his regular use of a line surmounted by a dot to indicate omitted m, and his employment of three dots (•. •) arranged in a triangle, with base atop, as the point of interrogation-a style of interrogation sign not peculiar to the corrector of our MS, for it is found in some other Italian MSS. The value of the three dots thus arranged-as will be shewn elsewhere-is precisely the same as that of the ordinary point of interrogation made of three strokes (or curves). Both signs indicate the modulation of voice required in an interrogative sentence, and signify an up, followed by a down, followed by an up again, so that •. • is the equivalent of s^y, E. A. LOEW. DATES IN THE ELEPHANTINE PAPYRI.