The Role of Bone-Seeking Radionuclides in the Palliative Treatment of Patients with Painful Osteoblastic Skeletal Metastases
Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Cente
Pain from skeletal metastases represents a major burden of advanced disease from solid tumors. Analgesic medications, bisphosphonates, hormonal agents, cytotoxic chemotherapy, and external beam radiotherapy are all effective treatments. However, patients often suffer from diffuse painful metastases and respond poorly to these standard therapies. Bone-seeking radionuclides can specifi cally target osteoblastic lesions to offer palliation of pain. Methods: This article offers a narrative review
... bone-seeking radionuclides, examines the evidence of safety and effi cacy for the treatment of painful skeletal metastases, and presents guidelines for their appropriate use in this patient population. Results: Seven bone-seeking radionuclides have shown evidence of both safety and effi cacy in reducing pain from diffuse skeletal metastases. 153 Sr are most commonly used in the United States and have been safely utilized for both repeat dosing as well as concurrent dosing with cytotoxic chemotherapy. Conclusions: Targeted bone-seeking radionuclides are underutilized in the treatment of painful diffuse osteoblastic metastases. Several new agents are in active clinical investigation, and the pending approval of the fi rst alpha-emitting radionuclide ( 223 Ra) may offer a new class of agents that provide greater effi cacy and less toxicity than those currently available for routine clinical use.