Factors affecting the acceptance of blended learning in medical education: application of UTAUT2 model

Seyyed Mohsen Azizi, Nasrin Roozbahani, Alireza Khatony
2020 BMC Medical Education  
Background Blended learning is a new approach to improving the quality of medical education. Acceptance of blended learning plays an important role in its effective implementation. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate and determine the factors that might affect students' intention to use blended learning. Methods In this cross-sectional, correlational study, the sample consisted of 225 Iranian medical sciences students. The theoretical framework for designing the conceptual
more » ... del was the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology 2 (UTAUT2). Venkatesh et al. (2012) proposed UTAUT2 as a framework to explain a person's behavior while using technology. Data were analyzed using SPSS-18 and AMOS-23 software. Structural equation modeling technique was used to test the hypotheses. Results The validity and reliability of the model constructs were acceptable. Performance Expectance (PE), Effort Expectance (EE), Social Influence (SI), Facilitating Conditions (FC), Hedonic Motivation (HM), Price Value (PV) and Habit (HT) had a significant effect on the students' behavioral intention to use blended learning. Additionally, behavioral intention to use blended learning had a significant effect on the students' actual use of blended learning (β = 0.645, P ≤ 0.01). Conclusion The study revealed that the proposed framework based on the UTAUT2 had good potential to identify the factors influencing the students' behavioral intention to use blended learning. Universities can use the results of this study to design and implement successful blended learning courses in medical education.
doi:10.1186/s12909-020-02302-2 pmid:33066768 fatcat:4svdr6eng5ghja2hluo7eh6iwq