Studies on the nutrient and non-nutrient profile of lesser known seeds of tetracarpidium conophorum Mull. (Arg)

Andzouana Marcel, Mombouli Bienvenu
2015 Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research   unpublished
_____________________________________________________________________________________________ ABSTRACTS The nutrients and non-nutrients of Tetracarpidium conophorum were evaluated using standard laboratory methods. The results showed that moisture, crude protein and crude fat, were significantly high in percentage content (29.43;31.63;23.24% respectively) and also the energy value(1580.96Kj/100g) while carbohydrate and ash were found to be low (09.61 and 6.09%). Minerals included calcium,
more » ... ium, potassium, sodium, iron and phosphorus were determined on a dry weight basis. T. conophorum had high potassium and phosphorus contents (02.45% and 01.16%) and all the other elements were detected in lower concentrations (0.01 to 0.65 %). Qualitative analysis of the bioactive constituents of the plant sample in its methanol and carbon tetrachloride extracts showed the presence of alkaloids, glycosides, saponins, steroids , triterpenoids,phenol and anthocyanins. Flavonoids and anthocyanins were detected in methanol extract only, while anthraquinones were detected in carbon tetrachloride extract and anthocyanins were absent. However, tannins were completely absent in both solvent extracts. Quantitative analysis of T. conophorum seeds revealed that they contained high amounts of alkaloids(12.80±0.19) and flavonoids(11.13±0.35) whereas saponins(3.65±0.06), anthocyanins(3.33±0.74) and Phenols (1.60±0.16%) were found in lower concentrations. The significant role of these chemicals for the human body and the importance of these plant seeds in traditional medicine are discussed in order to assess their medicinal and nutritional contribution in body health care.