Long-Term Visual/Anatomic Outcome in Patients with Fovea-Involving Fibrovascular Pigment Epithelium Detachment Presenting Choroidal Neovascularization on Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

Kyung Tae Kim, Hwanho Lee, Jin Young Kim, Suhwan Lee, Ju Byung Chae, Dong Yoon Kim
2020 Journal of Clinical Medicine  
To evaluate long-term visual/anatomic outcome after anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) therapy in patients with fovea-involving fibrovascular pigment epithelium detachment (PED) presenting with choroidal neovascularization (CNV) on optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). Methods: Patients with fibrovascular PED or subretinal CNV confirmed by OCTA who were treated by a relaxed treat-and-extend regimen for 2 years were retrospectively reviewed. The best-corrected visual
more » ... cuity (BCVA) and central subfield retinal thickness (CST) before and after anti-VEGF injection were analyzed. Furthermore, changes in photoreceptor layer (PRL) thickness and outer retinal bands in the fovea after injection were evaluated. Results: A total of 31 eyes with fibrovascular PED and 24 eyes with subretinal CNV were included. Following a relaxed treat-and-extend regimen with anti-VEGF agents, BCVA and CST were improved, and the PRL thickness was decreased significantly. There were no differences in BCVA, CST, changes in PRL thickness, or the status of outer retinal bands between the groups. However, the difference in the amount of decrease in PRL thickness between the two groups was increased at 2 years, and the slope tended to be steeper in the subretinal CNV group. Conclusions: Exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD) with fibrovascular PED or subretinal CNV showed good visual/anatomic outcomes after anti-VEGF treatment, regardless of the CNV type. By 2 years, fibrovascular PED did not have an additional protective effect on the outer retina, compared with subretinal CNV over 2 years. Further follow-up study might be needed to conclude that fibrovascular PED has a protective effect on the surrounding photoreceptor area.
doi:10.3390/jcm9061863 pmid:32549235 fatcat:yotxxfdimfbz5jiu3d2vo7uns4