Synchronous visualization of multimodal measurements on lips and glottis: Comparison between brass instruments and the human voice production system

Thomas Hézard, Vincent Fréour, René Caussé, Thomas Hélie, Gary P. Scavone
2013 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
Brass instruments and the human voice production system are both composed of a vibrating "human valve" (constriction in a pipe) coupled to an acoustic resonator: lips coupled to the brass instrument or vocal folds coupled to the vocal tract. In both cases, the aeroacoustic coupling is responsible for the self-oscillations and a large variety of regimes. Additionally, brass instruments and voice share difficulties for the in-vivo measurement of the exciter activity. Hence, the development of a
more » ... mmon tool is relevant. It is also relevant to explore the effect of some known differences between these systems, namely, the strength of the coupling and the physiological characteristics. This paper introduces components for the development of such a tool. First, two corpuses of multi-modal measurements are presented: one for a singer's larynx during sustained vowels, one for a musician's lips during sustained notes. They include high-speed-video recordings, electrical impedance measurements and audio recordings. Then, we introduce two estimation algorithms: one of the opening area waveforms from videos, one of the LF-model parameters on these waveforms. Moreover, we build a video tool displaying, synchronuously, these signals. Finally, this tool is exploited to exhibit common behaviors and relevant differences between brass instruments and human voice.
doi:10.1121/1.4805981 fatcat:4sp6bla4ivbkphdl6bgawkcdmi