Long-term potentiation of glycinergic synapses by semi-natural stimulation patterns during tonotopic map refinement

Eva C. Bach, Karl Kandler
2020 Scientific Reports  
Before the onset of hearing, cochlea-generated patterns of spontaneous spike activity drive the maturation of central auditory circuits. In the glycinergic sound localization pathway from the medial nucleus of the trapezoid body (MNTB) to the lateral superior olive (LSO) this spontaneous activity guides the strengthening and silencing of synapses which underlies tonotopic map refinement. However, the mechanisms by which patterned activity regulates synaptic refinement in the MNTB-LSO pathway
more » ... still poorly understood. To address this question, we recorded from LSO neurons in slices from prehearing mice while stimulating MNTB afferents with stimulation patterns that mimicked those present in vivo. We found that these semi-natural stimulation patterns reliably elicited a novel form of long-term potentiation (LTP) of MNTB-LSO synapses. Stimulation patterns that lacked the characteristic high-frequency (200 Hz) component of prehearing spike activity failed to elicit potentiation. LTP was calcium dependent, required the activation of both g-protein coupled GABAB and metabotropic glutamate receptors and involved an increase in postsynaptic glycine receptor-mediated currents. Our results provide a possible mechanism linking spontaneous spike bursts to tonotopic map refinement and further highlight the importance of the co-release of GABA and glutamate from immature glycinergic MNTB terminals.
doi:10.1038/s41598-020-73050-y pmid:33037263 pmcid:PMC7547119 fatcat:x4msfs52urcghlnbvlbn4lwzte