Analysis of Effect of Zn(O,S) Buffer Layer Properties on CZTS Solar Cell Performance Using AMPS

Ling-Yan Lin, Yu Qiu, Yu Zhang, Hao Zhang
2016 Chinese Physics Letters  
The Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS)-based solar cell is numerically simulated by a one-dimensional solar cell simulation software analysis of microelectronic and photonic structures (AMPS-1D). The device structure used in the simulation is Al/ZnO:Al/nZn(O,S)/pCZTS/Mo. The primary motivation of this simulation work is to optimize the composition in the ZnO1− S buffer layer, which would yield higher conversion efficiency. By varying S/(S+O) ratio , the conduction band offset (CBO) at CZTS/Zn(O,S) interface can
more » ... ange from −0.23 eV to 1.06 eV if the full range of the ratio is considered. The optimal CBO of 0.23 eV can be achieved when the ZnO1− S buffer has an S/(S+O) ratio of 0.6. The solar cell efficiency first increases with increasing sulfur content and then decreases abruptly for > 0.6, which reaches the highest value of 17.55% by our proposed optimal sulfur content = 0.6. Our results provide guidance in dealing with the ZnO1− S buffer layer deposition for high efficiency CZTS solar cells.
doi:10.1088/0256-307x/33/10/107801 fatcat:bu2em3ddv5h6dfswmqyqhkeeoq