ESTIMATION OF RISK FACTORS OF EARLY POSTOPERATIVE MORTALITY IN ELDERLY PATIENTS WHO ARE SUBJECTED TO GASTRIC SURGICAL PROCEDURES
Facta Universitatis Series Medicine and Biology
The use of screening programms in elderly population (age ≥65 years) comprises an increasing proportion of patients undergoing emergency general surgery (EGS) procedures nowadays. The aim was to determine the intra-hospital mortality rate in elderly patients undergoing gastric surgical procedures. 108 elderly patients (≥65 years old) were examined, divided into two groups: deceased and surviving surgical patients, treated for diseases (benign and malignant) of the stomach. The patients were
... ded into four age groups and five ASA groups, taking into account the presence of chronic diseases, the values of some laboratory parameters, administered transfusion and the occurrence of surgical complications during hospitalization. The mortality rate among elderly patients was 28.7%. The significant risk factors for mortality were: emergency surgery (p < 0.001), bleeding gastric ulcer operations (p = 0.042), lung (p = 0.003), kidney (p < 0.001), heart (p = 0.025) diseases, ASA score of 4 or higher (p < 0.001), serum levels (higher after two times measurement) of creatinine, haemoglobin, CRP, PCT and glycemia (p < 0.001). In order to improve medical treatment, the determination of independent validated risk indicators for mortality in elderly patients might lead to developing a dedicated scoring system.