Pravastatin Inhibits Arrhythmias Induced by Coronary Artery Ischemia in Anesthetized Rats

Jianguang Chen, Hua Shen, Yoshinobu Nagasawa, Kazuhiro Mitsui, Kunio Tsurugi, Keitaro Hashimoto
2007 Journal of Pharmacological Sciences  
We have reported that chronically administered pravastatin prevented coronary artery reperfusion-induced lethal ventricular fibrillation (VF) in anesthetized rats without lowering the serum cholesterol level. The present study was undertaken to evaluate whether pravastatin prevents ischemia-induced lethal VF, simultaneously examining myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity in ischemic myocardial tissues. Anesthetized rats were subjected to 30-min ischemia and 60-min reperfusion after chronic
more » ... on of pravastatin (0.02, 0.2, and 2 mg/ kg), fluvastatin (2 and 4 mg / kg), or vehicle for 22 days, orally, once daily. ECG and blood pressure were continually recorded, and MPO was measured by a spectrophotometer. Pravastatin and fluvastatin significantly (P<0.05) decreased MPO activities, but only pravastatin decreased the incidence of ischemia-induced lethal VF. Both statins had no significant effects on body weight, blood pressure, heart rate, and QT interval as we reported earlier. Our results prove further that pravastatin has benefits to decrease cardiovascular mortality beyond its cholesterollowering effect. Pravastatin is more potent than fluvastatin in prevention of arrhythmias. A decrease in the neutrophil infiltration may be partly involved in the inhibitory effect of pravastatin on the ischemia-induced VF.
doi:10.1254/jphs.fp0061235 pmid:17341842 fatcat:damr57ddk5adfnytav2n7eoyzi