A policy perspective on open innovation - the Mexican case
International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management
Open innovation (OI) is widely acknowledged as an approach to how enterprises should carry out innovation management in order to meet the future technological challenges. Although scientific literature essentially perceives OI as a business-driven and therefore business-related phenomenon, it has multiple impacts on the entire innovation system (IS). The aim of our paper is therefore to broaden (1) the scope of OI from the organizational to the institutional level and (2) from a western-centric
... m a western-centric to a Latin American perspective. De Jong et al. (2008) conceptualized the OI paradigm for policy analysis. Until now, this framework has only been applied to western European countries. By adopting this framework to Mexico, we investigate the OI readiness of both Mexican enterprises and policy instruments. Based on this analysis we examine whether the OI concept is applicable and appropriate in the Mexican context with its special entrepreneurial culture (small family-owned firms on the one hand and transnational corporations on the other) and international embeddedness determined by the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).