Toxicity and Antimetabolic Properties of Biologically Treated Neem Seed (Azadiracta indica) Kernel Cake

Mubarak O. Ameen, Moshood A.Belewu, Lamidi A.Usman, Oladoyin O.Onifade, Sophia O. Adetutu
2012 American Journal of Chemistry  
Seeds from Neem plants were ground and defatted to obtain the meal, the neem seed cake (NSC). The seed cake was fermented with two different fungi Aspergillus niger and Mucor mucedo. Proximate compositions as well as antinutrient factor of the treated cakes were analyzed. The results obtained reveals that the defatted Neem seed cake treated with A. niger contains protein of 47.70% which is higher than the seed cake treated with M. mucedo and the untreated sample. The untreated sample which is
more » ... d sample which is the control contains more dry matter and crude fiber of 80.67% and 0.51% respectively. It was also observed that the sample treated with A. niger contains more phytate and tannin of 7.95% and 1.30% respectively. Though the treatment has increased the crude protein content of Neem seed cake, but the biological treatment may not be suitable for the detoxification of neem seed cake as the antinutrient factors (oxalate, phytate, tannin and cyanide) determined were significantly higher in the treated than the untreated seed cake.
doi:10.5923/j.chemistry.20120203.02 fatcat:wgsgqfhr3fbrpfixekgz5asys4