Star formation efficiency in galaxy clusters
Astronomy and Astrophysics
The luminous material in clusters of galaxies falls primarily into two forms: the visible galaxies and the X-ray emitting intra-cluster medium. The hot intra-cluster gas is the major observed baryonic component of clusters, about six times more massive than the stellar component. The mass contained within visible galaxies amounts to approximately 3% of the dynamical mass. Our aim was to analyze both baryonic components, combining X-ray and optical data of a sample of five galaxy clusters (Abell
... axy clusters (Abell 496, 1689, 2050, 2631 and 2667), within the redshift range 0.03 < z < 0.3. We determined the contribution of stars in galaxies and the intra-cluster medium to the total baryon budget. We used public XMM-Newton data to determine the gas mass and to obtain the X-ray substructures. Using the optical counterparts from SDSS or CFHT we determined the stellar contribution. We examine the relative contribution of galaxies, intra-cluster light and intra-cluster medium to baryon budget in clusters through the stellar-to-gas mass ratio, estimated with use of recent data. We find that the stellar-to-gas mass ratio within r_500 (the radius which the mean cluster density exceeds the critical density by a factor of 500), is anti-correlated with the ICM temperature, ranging from 24% to 6% whereas the temperature ranges from 4.0 to 8.3 keV. This indicates that less massive cold clusters are more prolific star forming environments than massive hot clusters.