Classification of the Multiple Stages of Parkinson's Disease by a Deep Convolution Neural Network Based on 99mTc-TRODAT-1 SPECT Images

Shih-Yen Hsu, Li-Ren Yeh, Tai-Been Chen, Wei-Chang Du, Yung-Hui Huang, Wen-Hung Twan, Ming-Chia Lin, Yun-Hsuan Hsu, Yi-Chen Wu, Huei-Yung Chen
2020 Molecules  
Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) has been employed to detect Parkinson's disease (PD). However, analysis of the SPECT PD images was mostly based on the region of interest (ROI) approach. Due to limited size of the ROI, especially in the multi-stage classification of PD, this study utilizes deep learning methods to establish a multiple stages classification model of PD. In the retrospective study, the 99mTc-TRODAT-1 was used for brain SPECT imaging. A total of 202 cases were
more » ... lected, and five slices were selected for analysis from each subject. The total number of images was thus 1010. According to the Hoehn and Yahr Scale standards, all the cases were divided into healthy, early, middle, late four stages, and HYS I~V six stages. Deep learning is compared with five convolutional neural networks (CNNs). The input images included grayscale and pseudo color of two types. The training and validation sets were 70% and 30%. The accuracy, recall, precision, F-score, and Kappa values were used to evaluate the models' performance. The best accuracy of the models based on grayscale and color images in four and six stages were 0.83 (AlexNet), 0.85 (VGG), 0.78 (DenseNet) and 0.78 (DenseNet).
doi:10.3390/molecules25204792 pmid:33086589 pmcid:PMC7587595 fatcat:ehs3qg3lkrc5rlpiolvw3ilo44