FoodKG: A Tool to Enrich Knowledge Graphs Using Machine Learning Techniques

Mohamed Gharibi, Arun Zachariah, Praveen Rao
2020 Frontiers in Big Data  
While there exist a plethora of datasets on the Internet related to Food, Energy, and Water (FEW), there is a real lack of reliable methods and tools that can consume these resources. This hinders the development of novel decision-making applications utilizing knowledge graphs. In this paper, we introduce a novel software tool, called FoodKG, that enriches FEW knowledge graphs using advanced machine learning techniques. Our overarching goal is to improve decision-making and knowledge discovery
more » ... s well as to provide improved search results for data scientists in the FEW domains. Given an input knowledge graph (constructed on raw FEW datasets), FoodKG enriches it with semantically related triples, relations, and images based on the original dataset terms and classes. FoodKG employs an existing graph embedding technique trained on a controlled vocabulary called AGROVOC, which is published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. AGROVOC includes terms and classes in the agriculture and food domains. As a result, FoodKG can enhance knowledge graphs with semantic similarity scores and relations between different classes, classify the existing entities, and allow FEW experts and researchers to use scientific terms for describing FEW concepts. The resulting model obtained after training on AGROVOC was evaluated against the state-of-the-art word embedding and knowledge graph embedding models that were trained on the same dataset. We observed that this model outperformed its competitors based on the Spearman Correlation Coefficient score.
doi:10.3389/fdata.2020.00012 pmid:33693387 pmcid:PMC7931944 fatcat:3vaonvpuabhinhgdn5ehmvvt5u