NMR Investigations of Amyloid-β Peptide Interactions with Propofol at Clinically Relevant Concentrations with and without Aqueous Halothane Solution

Pravat K. Mandal, Neel Sarovar Bhavesh, Virender S. Chauhan, Vincenzo Fodale
2010 Journal of Alzheimer's Disease  
Oligomerization of amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) is an important stage in Alzheimer's disease. Recently, it has been shown that in an experimental model, smaller sized anesthetics (e.g., isoflurane, desflurane, etc.) induce Aβ oligomerization. Using state-of-the-art solution nuclear magnetic resonance, spectroscopic studies on Aβ interaction with propofol indicated that propofol does not interact with the G29, A30, and I31 residues of Aβ peptide at a clinically relevant concentration (0.083 mM), and
more » ... n (0.083 mM), and no Aβ oligomerization was observed after 69 days. However, Aβ oligomerization was observed when treated with propofol (clinically relevant concentration) co-administered with aqueous halothane solution. Furthermore, dose dependence studies at various propofol concentrations (0.32 mM, 2.07 mM, and 53.4 mM) indicate the effect of propofol concentration on Aβ oligomerization revealing the hydrophobic nature of interactions between propofol with these critical residues (G29, A30, and I31). These experimental findings reaffirm that smaller molecular sized anesthetics (e.g., halothane) do play a leading role in Aβ oligomerization.
doi:10.3233/jad-2010-100396 fatcat:t66wibv52zeadeabx2sssresuy