In Vitro Fertilization and Embryo Development of Vitrified Ovine Oocytes Stressed in Sucrose
Hayati Journal of Biosciences
Experiments were conducted on the morphology, fertilization and embryo development rate of vitrified ovine oocytes matured in vitro. Three vitrification solutions were used for vitrification. PBS supplemented with 1% BSA, 30% ethylene glycol was added by one of three different sucrose concentrations, 1.00 M (VS 1 ), 0.50 M (VS 2 ), and 0.25 M (VS 3 ). The results showed that the percentages of normal vitrified oocytes after warming were 78 and 63% in VS 1 and VS 2 , respectively, which was
... ficantly higher as compared for VS 3 . The fertilization rates were 59 and 66% in VS 1 and VS 2 , respectively, which were also significantly higher as compared with VS 3 (35%). Zygote viability after 18 h was 57; 43; and 40%, for VS 1 ,VS 2 , and VS 3 , respectively, which was not significantly different. The incidence of polyspermic penetration increased with increasing sucrose concentration, i.e 23, 11, and 9% in VS 1 , VS 2 , and VS 3 , respectively, as compared with unvitrified oocytes (4%). The cleavage rate of vitrified oocytes in VS 1 was 13.2% which was significantly lower (p<0.05) compared to those of unvitrified control oocytes (70.0%). Hence, a high sucrose concentration is beneficial for maintaining the oocyte structure during the processes of vitrification and thawing, which ultimately results in increased in vitro fertilization rates.