RS-SSKD: Self-Supervision Equipped with Knowledge Distillation for Few-Shot Remote Sensing Scene Classification

Pei Zhang, Ying Li, Dong Wang, Jiyue Wang
2021 Sensors  
While growing instruments generate more and more airborne or satellite images, the bottleneck in remote sensing (RS) scene classification has shifted from data limits toward a lack of ground truth samples. There are still many challenges when we are facing unknown environments, especially those with insufficient training data. Few-shot classification offers a different picture under the umbrella of meta-learning: digging rich knowledge from a few data are possible. In this work, we propose a
more » ... hod named RS-SSKD for few-shot RS scene classification from a perspective of generating powerful representation for the downstream meta-learner. Firstly, we propose a novel two-branch network that takes three pairs of original-transformed images as inputs and incorporates Class Activation Maps (CAMs) to drive the network mining, the most relevant category-specific region. This strategy ensures that the network generates discriminative embeddings. Secondly, we set a round of self-knowledge distillation to prevent overfitting and boost the performance. Our experiments show that the proposed method surpasses current state-of-the-art approaches on two challenging RS scene datasets: NWPU-RESISC45 and RSD46-WHU. Finally, we conduct various ablation experiments to investigate the effect of each component of the proposed method and analyze the training time of state-of-the-art methods and ours.
doi:10.3390/s21051566 pmid:33668138 pmcid:PMC7956409 fatcat:x6znnh3lqfbz3jmvzckreh37km