ISOLATION AND GENETIC ANALYSIS OF CAULOBACTER MUTANTS DEFECTIVE IN CELL SHAPE AND MEMBRANE LIPID SYNTHESIS

David A Hodgson, Penny Shaw, Lucille Shapiro
1984 Genetics  
In this paper we report the isolation, characterization and genetic analysis of several C. crescentus mutants altered in membrane lipid synthesis. One of these, a fatty acid bradytroph, AE6002, was shown to be due to a mutation in the fatA gene. In addition to the presence of the fatA506 mutation, this strain was found to contain two other mutations, one of which caused the production of a water-soluble brown-orange pigment (pigA) and another which caused formation of helical cells (hclA).
more » ... cells (hclA). Expression of the latter two phenotypes required complex media and both were repressed by glucose. However, the lesions were mapped to loci that are separated by a substantial distance. The hclA and the fatA genes mapped close together, possibly implying that comutation had occurred in AE6002. Data are presented that allow the unambiguous identification of a second Fat gene (fatB) in C. crescentus. The map position of another mutation in membrane lipid biogenesis, the glycerol-3-PO4 auxotroph gpsA505, was also determined. During this study the flaZ gene was fine-mapped and the positions of proC and rif changed from the previously reported location.
doi:10.1093/genetics/108.4.809 fatcat:bltkf23jyrfojgf65jyzvdy4du