Performance of a Novel In-Situ Converted Additive for High Voltage Li-ion Pouch Cells

Saad Azam, Quinton Meisner, Connor P. Aiken, Wentao Song, Qian Liu, Dong-Joo Yoo, Ahmed Eldesoky, Zhengcheng Zhang, J. R. Dahn
2022 Journal of the Electrochemical Society  
In search for new classes of additives for high voltage NMC/graphite lithium-ion cells, the precursor additive bis(trimethylsilyl) malonate (bTMSM) is shown to be activated via a spontaneous reaction with LiPF6 and LiBF4 salts in carbonate-based electrolyte to form lithium tetrafluoro(malonato)phosphate (LiTFMP), and lithium difluoro(malonato)borate (LiDFMB), respectively. The reaction schemes and rates were studied via NMR spectroscopy and GCMS. The effects of LiTFMP and LiDFMB on high voltage
more » ... electrochemical performance were then examined up to 4.5 V in Li[Ni0.4Mn0.4Co0.16]O2 (NMC442)/graphite and Li[Ni0.6Mn0.4Co0.0]O2 (NMC/640)/graphite pouch cells using aggressive voltage-hold cycling, long-term charge/discharge cycling, storage experiments, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, and gas evolution measurements. While in situ converted additives suffer from gassing issues due to the presence of trimethylfluorosilane (TMSF) gas, a side product of the in situ reaction of bTMSM with LiPF6, the cycling and storage capability for the activated additives under study shows competitive performance and controlled impedance when compared to other well-known high voltage additives. Micro X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (μXRF) confirmed that LiTFMP successfully minimizes the rate of transition metal deposition on the surface of graphite apparently by forming a protective agent at the cathode surface, hence allowing for improved cycling performance at high voltages.
doi:10.1149/1945-7111/ac9c36 fatcat:wga34sggyfdmjcomwtx644thsu