Development of Cataract and Associated Risk Factors

Bickol N. Mukesh
2006 Archives of Ophthalmology  
Objective: To evaluate risk factors for the development of cataract in Australian residents. Methods: A total of 3721 participants from 9 randomly selected urban districts within Victoria were recruited and invited to attend comprehensive standardized interviews and ophthalmic examinations at baseline and then 5-year follow-up. Lens opacities were graded clinically and on photographs according to the Wilmer cataract grading system. The development of cortical, nuclear, and posterior subcapsular
more » ... cataract were assessed separately for associated risk factors. Risk exposure at baseline was used as the predictor for cataract development, which included various sociodemographic, dietary, familial, medical, and ocular characteristics of the participants. Risk factor analyses were performed by univariate and multivariate logistic regression. Results: Increased age was a risk factor for development of all types of cataract with an increasing risk trend
doi:10.1001/archopht.124.1.79 pmid:16401788 fatcat:cuedbhlmxnbytctwi7gu6riwre