Phacoemulsification, vitrectomy and the implantation of an intraocular lens in diabetic patients

Zoran Vatavuk, Goran Bencić, Valentina Lacmanović Loncar, Ivanka Petric, Zdravko Mandić
2005 Collegium Antropologicum  
The purpose of this study was to evaluate results of combined phacoemulsification, intraocular lens implantation and pars plana vitrectomy in patients with advanced diabetic retinopathy. We retrospectively evaluated postoperative outcomes and complications in 102 eyes of 102 patients who underwent a combined procedure. All patients had a visually significant cataract. Forty two patients had vitreous hemorrhage and mild proliferative diabetic retinopathy. Sixty patients had a mild tractional
more » ... mild tractional retinal detachment. The median follow up was 14 months (range 6-36 months). 80% of patients had an increase of visual acuity of at least 2 Snellen lines. The most frequent early postoperative complication was elevated intraocular pressure, followed by mild fibrinous reaction. The most frequent late postoperative complication was the presence of posterior synechia, followed by glaucoma. Eleven patients required a repeated pars plana vitrectomy. Combined phacoemulsification, posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation and pars plana vitrectomy can be successfully performed in selected diabetic patients with favorable postoperative outcome.
pmid:16193668 fatcat:d4upqqwmybgqxn7nttaaoj5564