Dynamics of Glycine Receptor Insertion in the Neuronal Plasma Membrane

Madelaine Rosenberg, Jochen Meier, Antoine Triller, Christian Vannier
2001 Journal of Neuroscience  
The exocytosis site of newly synthesized glycine receptor was defined by means of a morphological assay to characterize its export from the trans-Golgi Network to the plasma membrane. This was achieved by expressing in transfected neurons an ␣1 subunit bearing an N-terminal tag selectively cleavable from outside the cell by thrombin. This was combined with a transient temperature-induced block of exocytic transport that creates a synchronized exocytic wave. Immunofluorescence microscopy
more » ... microscopy analysis of the cell surface appearance of newly synthesized receptor revealed that exocytosis mainly occurred at nonsynaptic sites in the cell body and the initial portion of dendrites. At the time of cell surface insertion, the receptors existed as discrete clusters. Quantitative analysis showed that glycine receptor clusters are stable in size and subsequently appeared in more distal dendritic regions. This localization resulted from diffusion in the plasma membrane and not from exocytosis of transport vesicles directed to dendrites. Kinetic analysis established a direct substrate-product relationship between pools of somatic and dendritic receptors. This indicated that clusters represent intermediates between newly synthesized and synaptic receptors. These results support a diffusionretention model for the formation of receptor-enriched postsynaptic domains and not that of a vectorial intracellular targeting to synapses.
doi:10.1523/jneurosci.21-14-05036.2001 pmid:11438579 fatcat:boal5rlbovbwnk3bmclr64g3se