14 Her: A Likely Case of Planet–Planet Scattering

Daniella C. Bardalez Gagliuffi, Jacqueline K. Faherty, Yiting Li, Timothy D. Brandt, Lauryn Williams, G. Mirek Brandt, Christopher R. Gelino
2021 Astrophysical Journal Letters  
In this Letter, we measure the full orbital architecture of the two-planet system around the nearby K0 dwarf 14 Herculis. 14 Her (HD 145675, HIP 79248) is a middle-aged ( 4.6 − 1.3 + 3.8 Gyr) K0 star with two eccentric giant planets identified in the literature from radial velocity (RV) variability and long-term trends. Using archival RV data from Keck/HIRES in concert with Gaia-Hipparcos acceleration in the proper motion vector for the star, we have disentangled the mass and inclination of the
more » ... b planet to 9.1 − 1.1 + 1.0 M Jup and 32.7 − 3.2 + 5.3 degrees. Despite only partial phase coverage for the c planet's orbit, we are able to constrain its mass and orbital parameters as well to 6.9 − 1.0 + 1.7 M Jup and 101 − 33 + 31 degrees. We find that coplanarity of the b and c orbits is strongly disfavored. Combined with the age of the system and the comparable masses of its planets, this suggests that planet–planet scattering may be responsible for the current configuration of the system.
doi:10.3847/2041-8213/ac382c fatcat:q3cnznnocvc7bfrtrfrova2xza