Nanocellulose from Unbleached Hemp Fibers as a Filler for Biobased Photocured Composites with Epoxidized Cardanol

Sara Dalle Vacche, Vijayaletchumy Karunakaran, Silvia Maria Ronchetti, Alessandra Vitale, Roberta Bongiovanni
2021 Journal of Composites Science  
Biobased composites were successfully prepared using raw materials derived from biomass waste, i.e., an epoxy resin obtained from cardanol and nanocellulose from unbleached hemp fibers. The composites were prepared by solvent exchange and an impregnation of the cellulosic mat with the resin, followed by photocuring. Quantitative conversion was obtained, despite the high amount of fibers (30 wt%) and their absorbance in the UV region of the light spectrum. X-ray diffraction confirmed that the
more » ... stalline structure of cellulose did not change during the impregnation and curing process. The cured composites were flexible, hydrophobic, water resistant, transparent with a yellow/brown color, and in the rubbery state at room temperature.
doi:10.3390/jcs5010011 fatcat:mgpt4fw2xjat5ddxoqikkiw6yi