Boxing techniques based on the analysis of boxing tournament finals during Olympic Games in London in 2012

Marek Kruszewski, Artur Kruszewski, Stanisław Kuźmicki, Łukasz Sklepiński, Grzegorz Kępa, Karol Landowski
2016 Journal of Combat Sports and Martial Arts  
The purpose of this study was to analyse the body movement difficulties in individual elite rhythmic gymnasts in Olympic Games. The data has been collected from the videos that were recorded during the individual senior rhythmic gymnastics final competitions at London 2012 Olympic Games. In final competitions, 10 gymnasts performed hoop, ball, clubs and ribbon routines. In each apparatus 10 and for a total of 40 choreographies were analysed. Descriptive statistics were calculated and the
more » ... of body difficulties groups in each routine were determined as a percentage. It was observed that the pivots were the technical category with more variety (18 variations, 31.6%) and balances were used very frequently (178 times) but the most limited variety (14 variations, 13.2%) while flexibility/wave difficulties (108 times) were preferred a lot less. However, Rotation in Penche (42.6%) was the most used flexibility/wave difficulty amongst basic body movement difficulties for each apparatus. Jete with a turn, Balance in back scale leg high up, Attitude pivot and Rotation in Penche difficulties were the most used body movement difficulties for all apparatus. As a result, elite rhythmic gymnasts preferred certain difficulties and used only these stereotyped movements in different compositions in 2012 Olympic Games. It was concluded that Olympic level individual elite gymnasts tend to use the same quality jump/leap, balance, pivot and flexibility/wave body movement difficulties for all of their routines and it shows clearly an indication for the lack of selection of the body difficulties. This study could be the base for future studies that might focus on new Code of Points rules and their effects on the selection and variety of body movement difficulties in compositions.
doi:10.5604/20815735.1224956 fatcat:dkbplbtmafcp3m3z5wxkcpf3pq