Plasma Big Endothelin-1, Atrial Natriuretic Peptide, Aldosterone, and Norepinephrine Concentrations in Normal Doberman Pinschers and Doberman Pinschers with Dilated Cardiomyopathy

M. Lynne O'Sullivan, Michael R. O'Grady, Sandra L. Minors
2007 Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine  
Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) results in progressive myocardial and circulatory dysfunction causing activation of a number of neurohormonal systems, including the endothelin (ET) system, which is only beginning to be described in clinical veterinary medicine. Measurement of these circulating neurohormones possesses potential utility in the diagnosis, staging, and assessment of prognosis in cardiac disease. Hypothesis: We hypothesized that plasma big ET-1, norepinephrine (NE), aldosterone, and
more » ... aldosterone, and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) concentrations in normal Dobermans would differ from those in Dobermans with DCM, and that concentrations of these hormones would be associated with time to congestive heart failure (CHF) or death. Animals: Thirty client-owned Dobermans (10 each of normal, occult DCM, and overt DCM) were included in the study. Methods: Dogs underwent an echocardiogram, ECG, and blood sample collection. Neurohormones were measured by highpressure liquid chromatography (NE) or commercial assays. Results: Dogs with occult DCM had significantly higher ANP concentrations compared with normal dogs (least squares means [95% confidence interval, CI]: occult female 53.7 pg/mL [40.2-71.7] versus normal female 31.6 pg/mL [24.8-40.3], P 5 .026; occult male 86.1 pg/mL [64.7-115] versus normal male 12.1 pg/mL [5.1-28.7], P 5 .011). Dogs with overt DCM had significantly higher concentrations of all neurohormones compared with the normal group. Furthermore, increasing big ET-1 (risk ratio [RR] 2.7, CI 1.3-8.6, P 5.01) and NE concentrations (RR 3.9, CI 1.1-18.1, P 5.03) over 1 month were associated with a shorter survival time. Conclusions and Clinical Importance: High ANP concentrations can identify dogs with advanced occult DCM. Increasing big ET-1 or NE concentrations over time can be useful predictors of poor prognosis.
doi:10.1111/j.1939-1676.2007.tb02933.x pmid:17338155 fatcat:q23ucikt5zctdpgimf3jubqxnm