Simulating Crack Development and Failure Characteristic of Toppling Rock Slope under Seismic Loading on Lancang River in China

Shiqi Liu, Huanling Wang, Qingxiang Meng, Long Yan, Hao Xiong
2021 Lithosphere  
Toppling rock slopes, induced by rapid and continuous downcutting of Lancang River, are widely distributed in the mountainous area of southwest China. To investigate the instability mechanism of 1# toppling rock slope of Huangdeng Hydropower Station under seismic loading, particle flow code (PFC) is applied to simulate the dynamic response and failure mode. The study considers the particle characteristics of displacement, velocity, energy, and cracks. According to numerical results, the
more » ... l failure mechanism of toppling rock slope is identified: multisliding surfaces form at the interfaces between the highly and moderately toppled rock mass and between the highly/moderately and weak toppled-crept rock mass; intersecting faults cut rock mass at the toe, leading to shear-toppling deformation; tension cracks develop, penetrate, and coalesce in the weak toppled-crept rock mass, resulting in tension-toppling-bending deformation. During the 2 to 5 s of strong seismic intensity, crack increases sharply and energy of particles fluctuates greatly. The impacts of the amplitude of seismic loading and loading method in PFC are investigated. This study will provide a practically useful reference for seismic design of rock slopes.
doi:10.2113/2021/5424127 fatcat:hrl5rwbuljcvhjlcvy4cwapvpy