Drug-Induced Severe Cutaneous Adverse Reactions, Diagnostics and Management [chapter]

Miteshkumar Rajaram Maurya, Renuka Munshi, Sachin Bhausaheb Zambare, Sanket Thakur
2022 Immunosuppression and Immunomodulation [Working Title]  
Severe cutaneous Adverse Reactions (SCAR) are rare drug hypersensitivity reactions but can be life-threatening if not appropriately and timely managed. Many research studies have shed light on its pathomechanism and triggers that have helped us better understand SCAR. The presence of viral fever and genetics such as HLA genotype with certain drugs have been associated with the occurrence of SCAR. However, the basis of interaction of these causative agents needs further evaluation to understand
more » ... he predisposition to the reaction occurrence. The different spectrum of SCAR needs to be clinically diagnosed appropriately which includes Drug Reactions with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms (DRESS), Steven Johnson Syndrome/Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (SJS/TEN), Acute Generalized Exanthematous Pustulosis (AGEP), and generalized bullous fixed drug eruptions (GBFDE). However, due to the rare occurrence of this reaction, there is not sufficient evidence for the best treatment for patients suffering from SCAR. Our review provides detailed information about the disease type, manifestation, pathophysiology, diagnostics, and current treatment aspects of SCAR.
doi:10.5772/intechopen.108651 fatcat:zxhp55zvlra2tal2vzauwdo2x4