Relationship between the meal frequency and timing with overweight and obesity in trujillan adults
Relación entre la frecuencia y horario de alimentación con el sobrepeso y obesidad en adultos trujillanos

Eduardo R. Lam Cabanillas, Katerine J. Hilario Vásquez, Leidy M. Huamán Salirrosas, Jean C. Ipanaqué Sánchez, Yulissa F. Jiménez Rosales, Juan J. Huamán Saavedra
2022 Revista de la Facultad de Medicina Humana  
Overweight and obesity are rapidly growing in the world, with a higher risk of chronic diseases. Nutritional strategies are of great interest for weight loss and control, such as the influence of meal frequency and timing. Objective: To determine the relationship between the meal frequency and timing with overweight and obesity in the adult population of Trujillo between 30 and 70 years old. Methods: Descriptive, cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach. A sample of 160 participants,
more » ... etween 30 and 70 years old, is included; the data was collected through a virtual survey. Participants were classified into a normal weight group established by a BMI between 18.5-24.9 and an overweight-obese group established by a BMI greater than or equal to 25. An expert-validated questionnaire was produced to assess the meal frequency and timing. Results: Of the 160 participants, 61.88% were female, 40% were between 30-39 years old. The normal weight group was made up of 60 participants; and overweight-obesity, per 100 participants. In the statistical analysis, a significant difference was evidenced between the level of low-moderate physical activity (p = 0.019), the meal frequency did not present a significant difference (p = 0.477) and within the meal timing, the consumption of subsequent dinner at 8:00 pm showed a significant difference (p = 0.021), as well as the consumption of intermediates after 5:00 pm (p = 0.016), Conclusion: Consuming food during the night in a time after 8:00 pm is significantly associated with the risk of overweight and obesity; while in the meal frequency it does not appear.
doi:10.25176/rfmh.v22i3.4744 fatcat:lladxjnrj5c5jgntpdgzlcoz3y