Self-supervised Video Representation Learning with Cross-Stream Prototypical Contrasting [article]

Martine Toering, Ioannis Gatopoulos, Maarten Stol, Vincent Tao Hu
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Instance-level contrastive learning techniques, which rely on data augmentation and a contrastive loss function, have found great success in the domain of visual representation learning. They are not suitable for exploiting the rich dynamical structure of video however, as operations are done on many augmented instances. In this paper we propose "Video Cross-Stream Prototypical Contrasting", a novel method which predicts consistent prototype assignments from both RGB and optical flow views,
more » ... ating on sets of samples. Specifically, we alternate the optimization process; while optimizing one of the streams, all views are mapped to one set of stream prototype vectors. Each of the assignments is predicted with all views except the one matching the prediction, pushing representations closer to their assigned prototypes. As a result, more efficient video embeddings with ingrained motion information are learned, without the explicit need for optical flow computation during inference. We obtain state-of-the-art results on nearest-neighbour video retrieval and action recognition, outperforming previous best by +3.2% on UCF101 using the S3D backbone (90.5% Top-1 acc), and by +7.2% on UCF101 and +15.1% on HMDB51 using the R(2+1)D backbone.
arXiv:2106.10137v3 fatcat:yj3ph4he25dzjnivxedtug3itq