NAYA KASHMIR AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT: FOUNDATIONS FOR STATE DEVELOPMENT POLICY

Sehar Iqbal
2017 Journal International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research Review   unpublished
1 Though Hari Singh, the last Maharaja of Kashmir, had a reformist outlook on the exclusionary system of governance put in place by his predecessors. He abolished forced labour (Begar); passed legislation to outlaw money-lending; to establish Panchayats; set up cooperative societies for disbursing (rather limited) agricultural credit, and doubled State expenditure on education. 2 'Maharaja Gulab Singh, determined to recover the 75 lakh he had paid to the British to purchase Kashmir (after the
more » ... ashmir (after the Treaty of Amritsar), and continued by his successors, had set the trend for exorbitant tax collection. Not only were tax levels very high, but virtually nothing was exempt from taxation: crops, fruit, grazing animals, handicrafts (shawls, carpets, etc), marriage ceremonials, and labour servicesincluding grave-digging and even prostitution.'
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