EQUATION OF STATE FOR MASSIVE NEUTRON STARS
Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series
Using relativistic Hartree-Fock approximation, we investigate the properties of the neutron-star matter in detail. In the present calculation, we consider not only the tensor coupling of vector mesons to octet baryons and the form factors at interaction vertexes but also the internal (quark) structure change of baryons in dense matter. The relativistic Hartree-Fock calculations are performed in two ways: one is the calculation with the coupling constants determined by SU(6) (quark model)
... y, the other is with the coupling constants based on SU(3) (flavor) symmetry. For the latter case, we use the latest Nijmegen (ESC08) model. Then, it is very remarkable that the particle composition of the core matter in SU(3) symmetry is completely different from that in SU(6) symmetry. In SU(6) symmetry, all octet baryons appear in the density region below ∼ 1.2 fm^-3, while, in the ESC08 model, only the Ξ^- hyperon is produced. Furthermore, the medium modification of the internal baryon structure hardens the equation of state for the core matter. Taking all these effects into account, we can obtain the maximum neutron-star mass which is consistent with the recently observed mass, 1.97 ± 0.04 M_ (PSR J1614-2230). We therefore conclude that the extension from SU(6) symmetry to SU(3) symmetry in the meson-baryon couplings and the internal baryon-structure variation in matter certainly enhance the mass of neutron star. Furthermore, the effects of the form factor at vertex and the Fock contribution including the tensor coupling due to the vector mesons are indispensable to describe the core matter. In particular, the Fock term is very vital in reproducing the preferable value of symmetry energy, a_4 (≃ 30 - 40 MeV), in nuclear matter.