The effect of methylphenidate on oppositional defiant disorder comorbid with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder

Maria Antonia Serra-Pinheiro, Paulo Mattos, Isabella Souza, Giuseppe Pastura, Fernanda Gomes
2004 Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria  
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of methylphenidate on the diagnosis of oppositional-defiant disorder (ODD) comorbid with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHOD: We conducted an open-label study in which 10 children and adolescents with a dual diagnosis of ODD and ADHD were assessed for their ODD symptoms and treated with methylphenidate. At least one month after ADHD symptoms were under control, ODD symptoms were reevaluated with the Parent form of the Children Interview for
more » ... chiatric Syndromes (P-ChIPS). RESULTS: Nine of the 10 patients no longer fulfilled diagnostic criteria for ODD after they were treated with methylphenidate for ADHD. CONCLUSION: Methylphenidate seems to be an effective treatment for ODD, as well as for ADHD itself. The implications for the treatment of patients with ODD not comorbid with ADHD needs further investigation.
doi:10.1590/s0004-282x2004000300005 pmid:15273834 fatcat:lwoaijcosbcglmvvporo5zkhoe