A Novel Emergency Braking Control Strategy for Dual-Motor Electric Drive Tracked Vehicles Based on Regenerative Braking
Dual-motor electric drive tracked vehicles (DDTVs) have drawn much attention in the trends of hybridization and electrification for tracked vehicles. Their transmission chains differ significantly from the traditional ones. Due to the complication and slug of a traditional tracked vehicle braking system, as well as the difference of track-ground with tire-road, research of antilock braking control of tracked vehicles is rather lacking. With the application of permanent magnet synchronous motors
... (PMSMs), applying an advanced braking control strategy becomes practical. This paper develops a novel emergency braking control strategy using a sliding mode slip ratio controller and a rule-based braking torque allocating method. Simulations are conducted under various track-ground conditions for comparing the control performance of the proposed strategy with three other strategies including the full braking strategy, traditional antilock braking strategy, as well as sliding mode slip ratio strategy without the use of motors. For an initial speed of 80 km/h, simulation results show that the proposed control strategy performs the best among all strategies mentioned above. Several hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) experiments are conducted under the same track-ground conditions as the ones in the simulations. The experiment results verified the validity of the proposed emergency braking control strategy.