Distance scaling of electric-field noise in a surface-electrode ion trap

J. A. Sedlacek, A. Greene, J. Stuart, R. McConnell, C. D. Bruzewicz, J. M. Sage, J. Chiaverini
2018 Physical Review A  
We investigate anomalous ion-motional heating, a limitation to multi-qubit quantum-logic gate fidelity in trapped-ion systems, as a function of ion-electrode separation. Using a multi-zone surface-electrode trap in which ions can be held at five discrete distances from the metal electrodes, we measure power-law dependencies of the electric-field noise experienced by the ion on the ion-electrode distance $d$. We find a scaling of approximately $d^{-4}$ regardless of whether the electrodes are at
more » ... e electrodes are at room temperature or cryogenic temperature, despite the fact that the heating rates are approximately two orders of magnitude smaller in the latter case. Through auxiliary measurements using application of noise to the electrodes, we rule out technical limitations to the measured heating rates and scalings. We also measure frequency scaling of the inherent electric-field noise close to $1/f$ at both temperatures. These measurements eliminate from consideration anomalous-heating models which do not have a $d^{-4}$ distance dependence, including several microscopic models of current interest.
doi:10.1103/physreva.97.020302 fatcat:w5stq7qqkfc5xntpzqhhcruzqe