The Mundlak Approach in the Spatial Durbin Panel Data Model

Nicolas Debarsy
2012 Spatial Economic Analysis  
This paper extends the Mundlak approach to the spatial Durbin panel data model (SDM) to help the applied researcher to determine the adequacy of the random effects specification in this setup. We propose a likelihood ratio (LR) test that assesses the significance of the correlation between regressors and individual effects. Once the correlation with individual effects has been modeled through an auxiliary regression, the random effects specification provides consistent estimators and the effect
more » ... of time-constant variables can be estimated. Some Monte Carlo simulations study the properties of this proposed LR test in small samples and show that in some cases, it has a better behavior than the Hausman test. We finally illustrate the usefulness of the extended Mundlak approach by estimating a house price model where some of the price determinants are time-constant. We show that ignoring the endogeneity of regressors with respect to individual effects leads to unreliable estimated parameters while results obtained using the Mundlak approach and the fixed effects specification are similar (concerning time-varying variables), implying that correlation between regressors and individual effects is well captured.
doi:10.1080/17421772.2011.647059 fatcat:xixqb2eghbhopljklr3k63mh3m