Upper gastrointestinal bleeding-Initial Manifestation of Pancreatic Head Carcinoma

C Obleagă, C Vere, S Mogoanţa, C Firuţ, C Meșina, M Ciorbagiu, C Mirea, I Vîlcea
Pancreatic head carcinomas are a rare cause of upper digestive bleeding and the diagnosis and the treatment of these pose particular problems. We selected 6 cases from a number of 283 patients who were hospitalized for surgery between January 2014 and December 2016 with signs of upper digestive bleeding with no varicose origin who were subsequently diagnosed with pancreatic head carcinomas. The diagnosis was established by endoscopic and surgical methods. The evolution of these patients was
more » ... uenced by whether there was active digestive bleeding or history of digestive bleeding and the possibility of tumor resection. Four patients needed emergency surgery due to continuous bleeding or rebleeding. The resectability of the cephalo-pancreatic tumor was determined and then subsequently performed in two patients who had a favorable postoperative outcome, while in two patients the tumor resection was impossible. The other two patients with upper digestive haemorrhage responded favorable to drug therapy, and digestive endoscopy and CT explorations were negative. After a 5-month interval they presented with clinical signs of a pancreatic neoplasm with invasion into the common bile duct, unwanted weight loss, abdominal pain, and icterus of the sclera and skin. The surgical intervention resulted in the confirmation of locally advanced pancreatic head carcinomas and the performing of bilio-digestive derivations. Pancreatic head carcinomas may be associated with upper digestive tract haemorrhage due to duodenal or bile duct invasion. The clinical picture of these patients can vary from occult haemorrhage to severe upper digestive tract haemorrhage accompanied by hypovolemic shock.