A microrod-resonator Brillouin laser with 240 Hz absolute linewidth

William Loh, Joe Becker, Daniel C Cole, Aurelien Coillet, Fred N Baynes, Scott B Papp, Scott A Diddams
2016 New Journal of Physics  
We demonstrate an ultralow-noise microrod-resonator based laser that oscillates on the gain supplied by the stimulated Brillouin scattering optical nonlinearity. Microresonator Brillouin lasers are known to offer an outstanding frequency noise floor, which is limited by fundamental thermal fluctuations. Here, we show experimental evidence that thermal effects also dominate the close-to-carrier frequency fluctuations. The 6-mm diameter microrod resonator used in our experiments has a large
more » ... s has a large optical mode area of 100 μm^2, and hence its 10 ms thermal time constant filters the close-to-carrier optical frequency noise. The result is an absolute laser linewidth of 240 Hz with a corresponding white-frequency noise floor of 0.1 Hz^2/Hz. We explain the steady-state performance of this laser by measurements of its operation state and of its mode detuning and lineshape. Our results highlight a mechanism for noise that is common to many microresonator devices due to the inherent coupling between intracavity power and mode frequency. We demonstrate the ability to reduce this noise through a feedback loop that stabilizes the intracavity power.
doi:10.1088/1367-2630/18/4/045001 fatcat:gab5mbwogndtvikxb2lqbtamlu