Coronary Artery Ectasia, its Clinical Profile and Angiographic Characteristics, Single Centre Experience (Rajarajeswari Cardiology Department)
Journal of Medical Science And clinical Research
Objective: To evaluate the incidence of coronary ectasia and its clinical profile and angiographic characteristics in our Rural area population. Methods: A Descriptive analysis was carried out in the on all patients undergoing coronary angiographies and Data were collected from catheterization films, and medical records. Results: In a total of 869 coronary angiograms were performed during the period of the study. A total of 139 (15.99%) angiograms showed coronary ectasia of both mixed and pure
... oth mixed and pure types. Pure ectasia with no coronary obstructive lesions was seen in 36 (25.89%). Type 4 was most common 61 pts. (43.88%), as per the Markis classification. Right coronary artery (RCA) was the most commonly affected vessel 100 (72%) followed by left anterior descending artery (LAD) 45 (33.78%) and 23 patients (16.54%) patients had circumflex artery involvement. 83 patients (59.71%) had good left ventricular (LV) systolic function. Conclusion: Prevalence of Coronary ectasia in the population presenting in the Department of Cardiology in Rajarajeswari Medical college and Hospital, Bangalore during the study period was 15.99%. Majority of patients were males, associated with, hypertension and diabetes mellitus. CAE was associated with obstructive coronary artery disease in about 74.22% of cases.RCA was the most commonly affected vessel.