Passenger railway network protection: a model with variable post-disruption demand service

Stefano Starita, Maria Paola Scaparra
2018 Journal of the Operational Research Society  
Protecting transportation infrastructures is critical to avoid loss of life and to guard against economic upheaval. This paper addresses the problem of identifying optimal protection plans for passenger rail transportation networks, given a limited budget. We propose a bilevel protection model which extends and refines the model previously introduced by Scaparra et al. (2015). In our extension, we still measure the impact of rail disruptions in terms of the amount of unserved passenger demand.
more » ... owever, our model captures the post-disruption user behaviour in a more accurate way by assuming that passenger demand for rail services after disruptions varies with the extent of the travel delays. To solve this complex bi-level model, we develop a simulated annealing algorithm. The efficiency of the heuristic is tested on a set of randomly generated instances and compared with the one of a more standard exact decomposition algorithm. To illustrate how the modelling approach might be used in practice to inform protection planning decisions, we present a case study based on the London Underground. The case study also highlights the importance of capturing flow demand adjustments in response to increased travel time in a mathematical model.
doi:10.1057/s41274-017-0255-y fatcat:p7jv3fwrgfbh7nbzhsvmf7ujea