Factors Associated with Metastatic Lymph Node Ratio, Extranodal Extension in the Central Compartment Node-Positive Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma

Chan Woo Park, Jun Woong Song, Bong Kwon Chun, Sung Won Kim, Hyoung Shin Lee, Jong Chul Hong, Kang Dae Lee
2015 Korean Journal of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery  
and ObjectivesZZLymph node (LN) metastasis occurs in 30-80% of patients presenting for initial treatment of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). The presence of LN metastasis is an independent risk factor for recurrence, which can add significant treatment morbidity. The LN ratio (LNR) and extranodal extension (ENE) have been shown to be important prognostic factors in PTC. The purpose of this study was to assess the characteristic features of LNR and ENE. Subjects and MethodZZWe undertook a
more » ... spective study of 411 patients treated between January, 2011 and December, 2013 for central compartment node-positive PTC by thyroidectomy and central compartment neck dissection (CCND) at our institution. We compared various clinicopathologic parameters such as age, gender, tumor size, multifocality, bilaterality, local invasion, extrathyroidal extension and aggressive variants between LNR and ENE. ResultsZZThe significant associated factors for high LNR (defined as higher than 0.5) in multivariate analysis were gender (p=0.001, odds ratio=2.285) and multifocality (p=0.027, odds ratio=2.092). On the other hand, the significant associated factors for ENE in multivariate analysis were primary tumor size (p=0.023, odds ratio=1.965) and local invasion (p=0.043, odds ratio=1.870). ConclusionZZBeing male, multifocality, large primary tumor size (defined as larger than 1 cm) and local invasion were revealed as associated factors for LNR and ENE. Therefore, elective CCND should be considered for patients with PTC, for whom a thorough investigation of associative factors should be made before surgery. Korean J Otorhinolaryngol-Head Neck Surg 2015;58 (7) :475-80 Key WordsZZLymphatic metastasis ㆍPapillary carcinoma ㆍThyroid neoplasm. Head and Neck Korean J Otorhinolaryngol-Head Neck Surg 2015;58 (7) : 475-80 / pISSN 2092-5859 / eISSN 2092-6529 http://dx.doi.org/10.3342/kjorl-hns.2015 online © ML Comm Korean J Otorhinolaryngol-Head Neck Surg █ 2015;58 (7) :475-80
doi:10.3342/kjorl-hns.2015.58.7.475 fatcat:qpbgbkpawbhuxisg3lbamrmrfi