Ronen SHAY, Babes-Bolyai University
2021 Modelling the New Europe  
concern that people might take advantage of the project to commit terror attacks. 4 Since fears and concerns constitute a profound portion of the project, individuals from both sides of the border realize that bureaucracy ensures its safety. Hence, the project is continuously controlled and monitored and includes strict protocols, background checks, rules, procedures, and codes of conduct. Security issues and bureaucracy International borders are dynamic across time and space. They are formed,
more » ... emoved, changed, and articulated via countless material and social mechanisms. To wit, disagreements, commerce, incorporation, and omission impact how borders between neighboring states are regulated (Hataley and Leuprecht 2018). Borders are institutions with specific rules and behaviors that shape their functionality, preservation, and modification (Newman 2003). They affect how people think of frontiers, while their role and evolution reflect states' values and interests. Yet, distinctly, borders are human constructs, generated to control human behavior in a spatial context (Popescu 2012). Border management forms an equilibrium between security and the legal flow of people and goods. This concept is based on the understanding that friction and conflict prevail between the need to avert unwelcome people and unwanted goods from crossing borders and economic strength that a state obtains through trade and travel. Hence, cross-border management offers opportunities to improve security while simultaneously enhancing the flow of legal passengers and goods through policies, programs, regulations, and activities (Gerstein et al 2008). Border management is founded on three principles that preserve the delicate balance between security and economic strength. The first notion is integrating safety and the flow of people and trade. Second, creating an integrated, layered approach, developing an inclusive system that comprises planning, equipment, and training. Third, forming a border management system requires unity of effort across all related governmental and non-governmental stakeholders-notably, interested parties with responsibilities or gains in national borders. Thus, command, control, and
doi:10.24193/ojmne.2021.37.08 fatcat:mlan23wh4rcy5cmvogspjq6eqm