l-Histidine decarboxylase decreases its own transcription through downregulation of ERK activity
American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
L-Histidine decarboxylase decreases its own transcription through downregulation of ERK activity. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 281: G1081-G1091, 2001.-A poorly defined negative feedback loop decreases transcription of the L-histidine decarboxylase (HDC) gene. To help understand this regulation, we have studied the effect of HDC protein expression on HDC gene transcription in transfected AGS-B cells. Expression of the rat HDC protein inhibited HDC promoter activity in a dose-dependent
... in a dose-dependent fashion. The region of the HDC promoter mediating this inhibitory effect corresponded to a previously defined gastrin and extracellular signal-related kinase (ERK)-1 response element. Overexpression of the HDC protein reduced nuclear factor binding in this region. Experiments employing specific histamine receptor agonists indicated that the inhibitory effect was not dependent on histamine production, and studies with the HDC inhibitor ␣-fluoromethylhistidine revealed that inhibition was unrelated to enzyme activity. Instead, an enzymatically inactive region at the amino terminal of the HDC enzyme (residues 1-271) was shown to mediate inhibition. Fluorescent chimeras containing this domain were not targeted to the nucleus, arguing against specific inhibition of the HDC transcription machinery. Instead, we found that overexpression of HDC protein decreased ERK protein levels and ERK activity and that the inhibitory effect of HDC protein could be overcome by overexpression of ERK1. These data suggest a novel feedback-inhibitory role for amino terminal sequences of the HDC protein. extracellular signal-related kinase; gastrin; gastrin response element-binding protein * R. Colucci and J. V. Fleming contributed equally to this work.