1918 Boston Medical and Surgical Journal  
close the almost catastrophic effect of the war's privations on the people. The excess of births over deaths in 1913 was 12,766. In 1916 there was an excess of deaths over births of 4,440, and there were 15,397 more deaths than births in 1917. These figures do not include the soldiers who died at the front or in hospitals. The total number of deaths in 1917 was 7,000 more than the previous year, despite the fact that Berlin's population has decreased 70,000. boston and massachusetts. Street
more » ... in Bad Sanitary Condition.-Investigation of the Boston Elevated surface cars on the Dorchester Avenue, South Boston and Upham's Corner lines has revealed unsanitary conditions. At the request of Mayor Peters, three Health Department inspectors made examinations at various times. Of one hundred and eighty-five cars inspected, the report shows that only five of these-less than three per cent.-were found in sanitary condition. It was discovered that in the majority of cases, nothing was done to clean the cars at night, and they were sent out in the morning in the same condition in which they had been put away. Miscellany. IN MEMORIAM Thomas Francis Leen. Thomas Francis Leen was for five years Physician and for six years Physician-in-Chief to the Carney Hospital. By his cheerfulness of spirit and sympathetic care he endeared himself to the many sick who came to him for help. He was abundantly charitable in word and deed; keenly sensible of the higher values of humanity; thoughtful of points of view not his own ; skilled in the art of medicine and abreast with the progress of its science ; kindly and esteemed as a teacher; unselfish in his devotion, to the end, so that his life was given in sacrifice for others. It is with a sense of deep personal as well as professional loss that the Staff of the Carney Hospital formally records his death on September 17, 1918.
doi:10.1056/nejm191812191792512 fatcat:ltjswxcb35gwnf5pvfkshbppcm