On the Generalization and Reliability of Single Radar-Based Human Activity Recognition

Ali Gorji, Habib-Ur-Rehman Khalid, Andre Bourdoux, Hichem Sahli
2021 IEEE Access  
Identifying human activities using short-range and low-power radars has attracted much attention among the researchers and consumer electronics industry. This paper considers human activity recognition in the context of a single Frequency Modulated Continuous Wave (FMCW) radar as the measurement tool. A classification pipeline is proposed to handle the data pre-processing and feature extraction and a machine-learning based solution is devised to undertake the activity classification. The
more » ... ication. The performance of the proposed architecture is evaluated under both unseen subjects and new room layouts. We show how the accuracy of the activity classification will be affected by situations such as poor aspectangle and occlusions created by furniture that normally arise in realistic scenarios where an unseen layout is considered. A two-stage classifier will be then proposed to enhance the generalization of the model, especially, to unseen rooms. Besides, an extensive feature exploration will be conducted and the importance of features in the generalization will be studied. The results in this paper will conclude a machine learning pipeline that will generalize well to unseen subjects and new room layouts, which are two main difficulties that arise in most radar-based activity classification tasks. INDEX TERMS Human activity recognition, Multi-class classification, radar signal processing, robust activity recognition VOLUME 4, 2016
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3088452 fatcat:eobiecpkpbearcqtx7tjj2eegi