Hantzsch-Type Dihydropyridines and Biginelli-Type Tetra-hydropyrimidines: A Review of their Chemotherapeutic Activities

Saghi Sepehri, Horacio Perez Sanchez, Afshin Fassihi
2015 Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences  
Years after the first report on 1,4-dihydropyridines (1,4-DHPs) and 1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidines (1,2,3,4-THPMs) appeared, they are revisited as plausible therapeutic agents. This is mainly due to the convenient methods that exist for their synthesis and the diverse pharmacologic properties that these scaffolds present. 1,4-Dihydropyridines and 1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidines are usually regarded as analogous in several aspects. They are both prepared in multi-component reactions using very
more » ... ar starting materials and synthesis protocols. This leads to common structural features between 1,4-DHPs and 1,2,3,4-THPMs, as well several related biological effects. For example, they share many pharmacological features such as analgesic, anti-tumor, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antitubercular, antibacterial, cardiovascular and adrenoceptor blocking activities. Numerous reviews have been devoted to the chemistry and cardiovascular effects of these compounds. However, the lack of a comprehensive literature overview on the chemotherapeutic ability of these scaffolds is behind the present attempt to provide a detailed survey of 1,4-DHPs and 1,2,3,4-THPMs and their structural features as chemotherapeutic agents.This article is open to POST-PUBLICATION REVIEW. Registered readers (see "For Readers") may comment by clicking on ABSTRACT on the issue's contents page.
doi:10.18433/j3q01v fatcat:k5ed7gkeffepbnyxzrqz4wfce4