CobaltNickel Nanoparticles Supported on Reducible Oxides as FischerTropsch Catalysts [component]

Efficient and more sustainable production of transportation fuels is key to fulfill the ever-increasing global demand. In order to achieve this, progress in the development of highly active and selective catalysts is fundamental. The combination of bimetallic nanoparticles and reactive support materials offers unique and complex interactions that can be exploited for improved catalyst performance. Here, we report on cobalt−nickel nanoparticles on reducible metal oxides as support material for
more » ... hanced performance in the Fischer−Tropsch synthesis. For this, different cobalt to nickel ratios (Ni/(Ni + Co): 0.0, 0.25, 0.50, 0.75, or 1.0 atom/atom) supported on reducible (TiO 2 and Nb 2 O 5 ) or nonreducible (α-Al 2 O 3 ) oxides were studied. At 1 bar, Co−Ni nanoparticles supported on TiO 2 and Nb 2 O 5 showed stable catalytic performance, high activities and remarkably high selectivities for long-chain hydrocarbons (C 5+ , ∼80 wt %). In contrast, catalysts supported on α-Al 2 O 3 independently of the metal composition showed lower activities, high methane production, and considerable deactivation throughout the experiment. At 20 bar, the combination of cobalt and nickel supported on reducible oxides allowed for 25−50% cobalt substitution by nickel with increased Fischer−Tropsch activity and without sacrificing much C 5+ selectivity. STEM-EDX and IR of adsorbed CO pointed to a cobalt enrichment of the nanoparticle's surface and a weaker adsorption of CO in Co−Ni supported on TiO 2 and Nb 2 O 5 and not on α-Al 2 O 3 , modifying the rate-determining step and the catalytic performance. Overall, we show the strong effect and potential of reducible metal oxides as support materials for bimetallic nanoparticles for enhanced catalytic performance.
doi:10.1021/acscatal.0c00777.s001 fatcat:nawhr5srwjcy3om6fnqauneu6e